A Multi-Layered Story with Past, Present and Future | Sebastian Salvo Presents “The Outcast” | The Cave of Apelles

After several years, Sebastian Salvo returns to his first grand composition “The Outcast” — now expanded on the left side to make more room for the city walls. His aim is to improve the painting and by doing that, improve the story.

In this video you will learn about:

  • Why you should make a sketch before the big composition
  • The effect of preparation on the overall color and mood
  • Making changes to composition and characters when working big
  • How props can emphasize psychology and realism
  • How the background can emphasize a figure
  • Being aware of A and B stories in a composition
  • Indicating past, present and future action
  • The principle of “force–counterforce”
  • Making a story universal
  • How myths help you tackle personal adversity
  • Reducing contrasts to ensure unity
  • Using the “Hero´s Journey” to further develop ideas
  • How spatial depth often comes into play towards the end
  • Pacifying less important elements

▶️ Full video (1 hour 11 min): https://patreon.com/caveofapelles
🎵 Full audio: https://caveofapelles.com/podcast

Fergus Ryan
Matthias Proy
Børge Moe


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  • Apelles was asked why he touched and retouched his pictures with so much care, to which he replied:
    "I paint for eternity"